Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (2014)


The Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD), by Schiffman et al, are available in the Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache, 2014.  The DC/TMD is intended for use in both clinical settings and applied research settings.  Schiffman et al describe the rationale and methodology underlying the changes from the RDC/TMD to the DC/TMD.  The extensive development process can be explored in greater detail. Further research examining core properties is expected, and forthcoming additional DC/TMD research tools are intended to augment the DC/TMD for such research.  All tools required for clinical implementation are available on this page.  The DC/TMD tools are living documents, and revisions are managed by the Consortium Network; the most current version will always be available here.


(Updated 6/11/2016) Early translated versions (Dutch, Spanish, and Swedish) of the DC/TMD were developed in order to test the adequacy of the English source documents and some of these versions have also been used in examiner training, calibration, and reliability field trials. Chinese, Dutch, Finnish, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Swedish and Turkish are now available for download, and the following will be available soon: Arabic, Hebrew, and Portuguese (PT). Consortium members are actively working on these translations: Danish, Farsi, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil), Spanish, and Thai.  Other languages that have been initiated include Daija, Estonian, German, Greek, Malaysian, Nepali, Norwegian, Polish, Slovenian, and Vietnamese. Please contact the team leaders on this list for more information about a translation, and please contact us if your language of interest is not yet included and you would like to request permission to do a translation. Please see the Translation Guidelines page for further information regarding translation procedures for the Consortium.

Examiner Training, Calibration, and Reliability Assessment

The DC/TMD instruction video was peer-reviewed and published at MedEdPortal. Citation: Gonzalez Y, Chwirut J, List T, Ohrbach R. DC/TMD Examination Protocol. MedEdPORTAL Publications; 2014. You must create an account at MedEdPortal as a new user, and then the video can be downloaded. Self-study guidelines as well as description of supervised skill development are described in further detail.

Documents for Downloading

The URL links in the references of the DC/TMD publication access resource documents on this website.  If the “Modified Date” in the list to the right is prior to January 29, 2014, the document version is current as of the DC/TMD publication.  Document filenames contain dates representing the relative version of the document; however, those filename dates may not correspond to the “Modified Date” shown in the file listing.  The inconsistency emerges due to separate production cycles, in the final month, for the manuscript and for the support documents.  All documents contain a date within, usually in the footer; the internal date corresponds to the Modified Date in the listing.  The DC/TMD reference URLs will always link to the documents current at the time of publication but may not link to newer versions of the document as available here.

Any Modified Date in the file listing after January 29, 2014 represents an updated version since the DC/TMD was published, and this page will always contain the most current version.  Suggestions for improving this arrangement are welcomed.

Complete DC/TMD Instrument Set

Document Link Modified Date
DC/TMD Assessment Instruments Open 02/06/2020
DC/TMD Complete package (zip) Open 02/06/2020 (package revision 02/06/2020)

Individual Instruments, Forms, Protocol

Document Link Modified Date
DC/TMD Symptom Questionnaire Open 05/12/2013
Demographics Open 05/12/2013
Examiner Protocol Open 01/24/2014
Examination form: International Open 04/25/2018
Examination form: North America Open 04/25/2018
Pain drawing Open 05/12/2013
Graded Chronic Pain Scale (v2) Open 05/12/2013
JFLS-8 Open 05/12/2013
JFLS-20 Open 05/12/2013
PHQ-4 Open 05/12/2013
PHQ-9 Open 05/12/2013
GAD-7 Open 05/12/2013
PHQ-15 Open 05/12/2013
Oral Behaviors Checklist Open 05/12/2013
TMD Pain Screener Open 10/11/2013
DC/TMD Decision Trees Open 07/04/2018
DC/TMD Diagnostic Criteria Open 02/06/2020
List of changes Open 02/06/2020
Self-report instrument scoring manual Open 03/30/2021